Madagascar Vanilla

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The vanilla orchid is native only to Mexico and relies on a rare black Mexican bee to pollinate naturally. In 1841, a French owned 12-year old slave on Île Bourbon (now Réunion Island) discovered how to hand-pollinate vanilla orchids. Shortly thereafter vanilla plantations were introduced and became commonplace on the island of Madagascar.

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The type of vanilla grown on Madagascar and in most other locations is Vanilla planifolia, also known as Madagascar Bourbon Vanilla. About 97% of the world's real vanilla comes from Madagascar. However, an estimated 95% of all vanilla products contains artificial vanilla. The best quality Bourbon Vanilla, also called Black Vanilla, is produced primarily around Antalaha, Sambava, Vohemar and Andapa in the northwest of Madagascar.

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In ancient times, vanilla was said to have aphrodisiac effects and help against fever. Although these properties remain scientifically unverified, it is known that vanilla increases levels of catecholamines, including epinephrine, more commonly known as adrenaline. In an in-vitro test, vanilla was able to block quorom sensing in bacteria. In many bacteria, quorum sensing signals function as a switch for virulence in that microbes only become virulent when these signals indicate that they have the numbers to resist the host immune system response. The essential oils of vanilla and vanillin are often used in aromatherapy.

Documentary on Madagascar's vanilla trade

Madagascar: The Chinese vanilla is a half-hour documentary that gives insight into Madagascar's vanilla production and how the trade is being shaped since recent years by an increase in demand from China.

The original French language version, MADAGASCAR Vanille Chinoise, produced in 2014 by WA Productions in cooperation with Public Sénat, can be viewed at

Google Newsfeed

Vanilla Crop Damaged After Storm in Main Grower Madagascar - Bloomberg
15-03-2017 16:01
Cyclone hits vanilla growing regions in Madagascar - Food Business News (registration)
13-03-2017 12:31
How Picky Consumers Have Made Vanilla Prices Soar - Newsweek - Newsweek
28-03-2017 15:26
Madagascar Battered by Third-Biggest Cyclone on Record - Bloomberg
08-03-2017 08:14
Madagascar Vanilla Producers Say Cyclone Damaged 30% Of Crop - PerishableNews (press release) (registration)
16-03-2017 19:30
30% of Madagascar vanilla crop damaged after storm - Livemint - Livemint
16-03-2017 12:27
Alter Eco bars, truffles - Candy Industry
29-03-2017 11:05
Yuengling's Ice Cream Announced as Official Ice Cream of the RailRiders - Pinstriped Prospects
27-03-2017 17:15
Madagascan Cyclone Wipes Out Significant Volumes of Vanilla Crops - FoodIngredientsFirst
16-03-2017 20:28
Symrise Supports Madagascar Cyclone Victims - FoodIngredientsFirst
29-03-2017 09:55

Further information