Birds of Madagascar

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Endemic birds of Madagascar

Scientific name English name Malagasy name
Family Grebes (Podicipedidae)
Tachybaptus pelzelnii Madagascar grebe or Madagascar little grebe Vivy
Tachybaptus rufolavatus Alaotra grebe
 
Family Herons (Ardeidae)
Ardeola idae Madagascar pond-heron Malemylava
Ardea humbloti Madagascar heron or Humblot’s Heron
 
Family Ibises, Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)
Lophotibis cristata Madagascar crested ibis Lampirana / Akohonala
 
Family Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)
Anas bernieri Madagascar teal
Anas melleri Meller's duck
Aythya innotata Madagascar pochard
 
Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)
Aviceda madagascariensis Madagascar cuckoo-hawk or Madagascar cuckoo-falcon Bobaka
Haliaeetus vociferoides Madagascar fish eagle Ankoy
Eutriorchis astur Madagascar serpent-eagle Firasabe
Polyboroides radiatus Madagascar harrier-hawk Fihiaky
Circus maillardi Réunion harrier or Réunion marsh-harrier Fitsindraky / Fanindry
Accipiter henstii Henst's goshawk Fandrasabe / Firasabe
Accipiter madagascariensis Madagascar sparrowhawk Firasa
Accipiter francesiae Frances's sparrowhawk or Madagascar goshawk Fihiaky
Buteo brachypterus Madagascar buzzard Bobaky or Hindry
 
Family Falcons, Caracaras (Falconidae)
Falco newtoni Madagascar kestrel Hitikitiky / Hitsikitsika
Falco zoniventris Banded kestrel Hitsikitsikala
 
Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)
Margaroperdix madagarensis Madagascar partridge Traotrao
 
Family Mesites (Mesitornithidae)
Mesitornis variegatus or Mesitornis variegata White-breasted mesite
Mesitornis unicolor Brown mesite
Monias benschi Subdesert mesite
 
Family Buttonquails (Turnicidae)
Turnix nigricollis Madagascar buttonquail Kibo / Kibobo
 
Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)
Rallus madagascariensis Madagascar rail
Dryolimnas cuvieri White-throated rail Tsikoza
Canirallus kioloides or Mentocrex kioloides Madagascar wood-rail Vorotrandraka
Sarothrura insularis Madagascar flufftail
Sarothrura watersi Slender-billed flufftail
Amaurornis olivieri or Zapornia olivieri Sakalava rail
 
Family Jacanas (Jacanidae)
Actophilornis albinucha Madagascar jacana
 
Family Coursers, Pratincoles (Glareolidae)
Glareola ocularis Madagascar pratincole
 
Family Plovers (Charadriidae)
Charadrius thoracicus Madagascar plover or Black-banded Plover
 
Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)
Gallinago macrodactyla Madagascar snipe
 
Family Sandgrouse (Pteroclidae)
Pterocles personatus Madagascar sandgrouse Hatrakatraky / Katakatra
 
Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)
Nesoenas picturatus or Streptopelia picturata Madagascar turtle-dove Domohina
Treron australis Madagascar green pigeon Voron'adabo / Voronadabo / Voronadabo-Fonimaitso
Alectroenas madagascariensis Madagascar blue pigeon
 
Family Parrots (Psittacidae)
Coracopsis vasa Greater vasa parrot Boeza be / Sihotsy / Bolokibe
Coracopsis nigra Lesser vasa parrot or Black parrot Boeza kely / Sihotsy / Bolokikely
Agapornis canus Grey-headed lovebird Kitrehoky / Karaoke-Sarivazo
 
Family Cuckoos (Cuculidae)
Coua delalandei Snail-eating coua
Coua gigas Giant coua Aliotsy / Lejabe-Angojobe
Coua coquereli Coquerel's coua Gory / Fandikalalana
Coua serriana Red-breasted coua
Coua reynaudii Red-fronted coua or Reynaud's coua
Coua cursor Running coua
Coua ruficeps Red-capped coua Aliotse-Akoky
Coua cristata Crested coua Tokambolo / Tivoky
Coua verreauxi Verreaux's coua
Coua caerulea Blue coua Mariaha
Cuculus rochii Madagascar cuckoo or Madagascar lesser cuckoo Taotaokafa / Kônko na Taontaonkafa / Taotaonkafa
Centropus toulou Madagascar coucal Toloho / Toloho na monjo
 
Family Barn-owls (Tytonidae)
Tyto soumagnei Madagascar red owl
 
Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)
Otus rutilus Madagascar scops-owl or Rainforest scops-owl Torotoroky / Torotoroka
Athene superciliaris formerly Ninox superciliaris White-browed hawk-owl or White-browed owl Tovotovoky / Tovotovoka
Asio madagascariensis Madagascar long-eared owl Hankagna / Hankà
 
Family Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)
Caprimulgus madagascariensis Madagascar nightjar Tataro / Matoriandro
Gactornis enarratus or Caprimulgus enarratus Collared nightjar Tataroala (fotsifotsy vozona)
 
Family Swifts (Apodidae)
Zoonavena grandidieri Madagascar spinetail Firihitsandro / Tsiditsidina
 
Family Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)
Corythornis vintsioides or Alcedo Vintsioides Madagascar kingfisher or Madagascar malachite kingfisher Litotsy / Vintsy / Vintsirano
Corythornis madagascariensis Madagascar pygmy-kingfisher Vintsiala (mena)
 
Family Ground-rollers (Brachypteraciidae)
Brachypteracias leptosomus Short-legged ground-roller Fangadiovy / Fandikalalana / Famakiakora
Brachypteracias squamigera Scaly ground-roller
Atelornis pittoides Pitta-like ground-roller
Atelornis crossleyi Rufous-headed ground-roller
Uratelornis chimaera Long-tailed ground-roller
 
Family Cuckoo Roller (Leptosomidae)
Leptosomus discolor Cuckoo-roller Kirombo / Vorondreo
 
Family Asities (Philepittidae)
Philepitta castanea Velvet asity
Philepitta schlegeli Schlegel's asity Asity
Neodrepanis coruscans Sunbird asity or Common Sunbird-asity Soinala
Neodrepanis hypoxantha Yellow-bellied sunbird-asity Soinala
 
Family Larks (Alaudidae)
Mirafra hova Madagascar lark or Madagascar bushlark Boria / Soretry / Sorohitra
 
Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)
Phedina borbonica Mascarene martin Firihitsandro / Tsiditsidina
 
Family Pipits and Wagtails (Motacillidae)
Motacilla flaviventris Madagascar wagtail Triotrio / Kitriotrio
 
Family Cuckoo-shrikes (Campephagidae)
Coracina cinerea Madagascar cuckoo-shrike Vorondavenoky / Vorondavenona
 
Family Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)
Bernieria madagascariensis or Phyllastrephus madagascariensis Long-billed bernieria or Common tetraka, formerly Long-billed greenbul Tretreky
Xanthomixis zosterops or Phyllastrephus zosterops Short-billed greenbul or Short-billed tetraka
Xanthomixis apperti or Phyllastrephus apperti Appert’s greenbul or Appert's tetraka
Xanthomixis tenebrosus or Phyllastrephus tenebrosus Dusky greenbul or Dusky tetraka
Xanthomixis cinereiceps or Phyllastrephus cinereiceps Grey-crowned greenbul or Grey-crowned tetraka
Hypsipetes madagascariensis Madagascar bulbul or Madagascar black bulbul Menasony / Tsokoreva / Tsikorovana
 
Family Vangas (Vangidae)
Tylas eduardi Tylas vanga
Calicalicus madagascariensis Red-tailed vanga Totokarasoroka
Schetba rufa Rufous vanga Paopaobava
Vanga curvirostris Hook-billed vanga Bekapoaky / Vangasoratra
Xenopirostris xenopirostris Lafresnaye's vanga
Xenopirostris damii Van Dam's vanga Vanga
Xenopirostris polleni Pollen's vanga Vangamaintiloha
Falculea palliata Sickle-billed vanga Voronjaza (lava sogny)
Leptopterus chabert Chabert's vanga Fotsytretraky / Patsatsatra
Artamella viridis or Leptopterus viridis White-headed vanga Vorondaja / Vanga / Voromasiaka
Cyanolanius madagascarinus or Leptopterus madagascarinus Blue vanga Patsatsatrala
Oriolia bernieri Bernier's vanga
Euryceros prevostii Helmet vanga or Helmet bird Siketribe
Hypositta corallirostris Coral-billed nuthatch vanga or Nuthatch vanga
 
Family Thrushes (Turdidae)
Copsychus albospecularis Madagascar magpie-robin Fitatsy / Fitatrala
Monticola imerinus Littoral rock-thrush
Monticola bensoni Benson's rock-thrush
Monticola sharpei Forest rock-thrush Androbaka
 
Family Cisticolas and Allies (Cisticolidae)
Neomixis tenella Common jery Kininitsy / Jijy
Neomixis viridis Green jery
Neomixis striatigula Stripe-throated jery Kininitsy
Hartertula flavoviridis Wedge-tailed jery
Cisticola cherina Madagascar cisticola Tity / Tsintsina
 
Family Old World Warblers (Sylviidae)
Oxylabes madagascariensis White-throated oxylabes
Acrocephalus newtoni Madagascar swamp-warbler Vorombatra
Crossleyia xanthophrys Madagascar yellowbrow
Nesillas typica Madagascar brush-warbler Vorombaratra / Boretika / Poretaka
Thamnornis chloropetoides Thamnornis warbler or Kiritika
Dromaeocercus brunneus Brown emu-tail
Amphilais seebohmi or Dromaeocercus seebohmi Grey emu-tail or Madagascan grassbird
Randia pseudozosterops Rand's warbler
Newtonia amphichroa Dark newtonia
Newtonia brunneicauda Common newtonia Katekateky / Tretreka
Newtonia archboldi Archbold's newtonia
Newtonia fanovanae Red-tailed newtonia Mitovy sabiro nefa menamena
 
Family Babblers (Timaliidae)
Mystacornis crossleyi Crossley’s babbler or Madagascar groundhunter
 
Family Batises and Wattle-eyes (Platysteiridae)
Pseudobias wardi Ward’s flycatcher or Ward's shrike-flycatcher
 
Family Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)
Terpsiphone mutata Madagascar paradise-flycatcher Soketry / Tsingitry
 
Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)
Cinnyris souimanga or Nectarinia souimanga Souimanga sunbird Sobita / Soy / Soimangakely
Cinnyris notatus or Nectarinia notata Long-billed green sunbird or Madagascar green sunbird Soimanga / Siangavola / Soimangabe
 
Family White-eyes (Zosteropidae)
Zosterops maderaspatanus Malagasy white-eye or Madagascar white-eye Tsiparimaso / Sabiro / Fotsimaso
 
Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)
Lepidopygia nana or Lonchura nana Madagascar mannikin or Madagascar bibfinch Tsipiny / Tsangoritry / Tsikirity
 
Family Weavers (Ploceidae)
Ploceus nelicourvi Nelicourvi weaver Fodisaina misy maitso
Ploceus sakalava Sakalava weaver or Sakalava fody Fody fondrana mena maso
Foudia madagascariensis Madagascar red fody or Red fody Fody / Fodimena
Foudia omissa Forest fody Fodiala
 
Family Starlings (Sturnidae)
Hartlaubius auratus or Saroglossa auratus Madagascar starling Vorontainomby
 
Family Drongos (Dicruridae)
Dicrurus forficatus Crested drongo Ndovy / Railovy na Lehidraonga


Non-endemic birds of Madagascar

Scientific name English name Malagasy name
Family Grebes (Podicipedidae)
Tachybaptus ruficollis Little grebe Vivy
 
Family Albatrosses (Diomedeidae)
Thalassarche melanophris or Diomedea melanophris Black-browed albatross
 
Family Petrels, Shearwaters (Procellariidae)
Macronectes giganteus Southern giant petrel
Pachyptila vittata Broad-billed prion
Puffinus pacificus Wedge-tailed shearwater
 
Family Southern Storm-petrels (Oceanitidae)
Oceanites oceanicus Wilson’s storm-petrel
Fregetta tropica Black-bellied storm-petrel
 
Family Tropicbirds (Phaethontidae)
Phaethon aethereus Red-billed tropicbird
Phaethon rubricauda Red-tailed tropicbird
Phaethon lepturus White-tailed tropicbird or Yellow-billed tropicbird
 
Family Pelicans (Pelecanidae)
Pelecanus rufescens Pink-backed pelican
 
Family Gannets, Boobies (Sulidae)
Sula sula Red-footed booby
Sula leucogaster Brown booby
 
Family Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)
Microcarbo africanus Long-tailed cormorant or Reed cormorant Barafilo
 
Family Darters (Anhingidae)
Anhinga rufa African darter
 
Family Frigatebirds (Fregatidae)
Fregata minor Great frigatebird
Fregata ariel Lesser frigatebird
 
Family Herons (Ardeidae)
Ixobrychus minutus Common little bittern
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned night-heron
Butorides striatus Green-backed heron Vorompantsika
Ardeola ralloides Squacco heron Malemylava
Egretta ardesiaca or Hydranassa ardesiaca Black heron Lombokomana
Egretta gularis Western reef-egret
Egretta garzetta Little egret
Ardea alba Great white egret
Ardea purpurea Purple heron Dangoro / Vanomena
Ardea cinerea Grey heron Vanokasira
Ardea melanocephala Black-headed heron
Ardea goliath Goliath heron
 
Family Hamerkop (Scopidae)
Scopus umbretta Hamerkop Takatra
 
Family Storks (Ciconiidae)
Mycteria ibis Yellow-billed stork
Anastomus lamelligerus African openbill or African openbill stork
 
Family Ibises, Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)
Threskiornis aethiopicus African sacred ibis
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy ibis
Platalea alba African spoonbill
 
Family Flamingos (Phoenicopteridae)
Phoenicopterus ruber American flamingo or Caribbean flamingo
Phoeniconaias minor Lesser flamingo
 
Family Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)
Dendrocygna bicolor Fulvous whistling duck
Dendrocygna viduata White-faced whistling duck Vivy / Tsiriry
Sarkidiornis melanotos Knob-billed duck or African Comb Duck Angongo / Tsivongo-Arosy
Nettapus auritus African pygmy-goose
Anas erythrorhyncha Red-billed teal Sadaelatsy
Anas hottentota or Spatula hottentota Hottentot teal
Thalassornis leuconotus White-backed duck
 
Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)
Macheiramphus alcinus Bat hawk Hila
Milvus migrans Black kite Tsimalaho
 
Family Falcons, Caracaras (Falconidae)
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's falcon Firasambalala
Falco concolor Sooty falcon Firasambalala
Falco peregrinus Peregrine falcon
 
Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)
Coturnix coturnix Common quail
Coturnix delegorguei Harlequin quail Kibonaomby
 
Family Guineafowl (Numididae)
Numida meleagris Helmeted guineafowl Akanga
 
Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)
Zapornia pusilla formerly Porzana pusilla Baillon's crake
Gallinula chloropus Common moorhen Akohondrano
Porphyrio madagascariensis African swamphen
Fulica cristata Red-knobbed coot
 
Family Painted-snipes (Rostratulidae)
Rostratula benghalensis Greater painted-snipe
 
Family Crab-plover (Dromadidae)
Dromas ardeola Crab-plover
 
Family Avocets, Stilts (Recurvirostridae)
Himantopus himantopus Black-winged stilt Takapaly
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied avocet
 
Family Plovers (Charadriidae)
Pluvialis dominica Americangolden plover
Pluvialis squatarola Grey plover
Charadrius hiaticula Common ringed plover Vikiviky
Charadrius pecuarius Kittlitz’s plover
Charadrius tricollaris African three-banded plover Kalipa / Vikiviky
Charadrius marginatus White-fronted plover
Charadrius mongolus Lesser sand plover
Charadrius leschenaultii Greater sand plover
 
Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)
Limosa limosa Black-tailed godwit
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed godwit
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel
Numenius arquata Eurasian curlew
Tringa stagnatilis Marsh sandpiper
Tringa nebularia Common greenshank Sakalo
Tringa ochropus Green sandpiper
Tringa glareola Wood sandpiper
Xenus cinereus Terek sandpiper
Actitis hypoleucos Common sandpiper Bohaky / Vikiviky
Arenaria interpres Ruddy turnstone
Calidris alba Sanderling
Calidris minuta Little stint
Calidris alpina Dunlin
Calidris ferruginea Curlew sandpiper
Calidris pugnax or Philomachus pugnax" Ruff
 
Family Skuas (Stercorariidae)
Catharacta skua Great skua
Stercorarius parasiticus Arctic Jaeger or Parasitic Jaeger
 
Family Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)
Larus dominicanus Kelp gull
Larus cirrocephalus Grey-headed gull
Larus novaehollandiae Silver gull
Gelochelidon nilotica Common gull-billed tern
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian tern
Chlidonias hybrida Whiskered tern
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged tern
Sterna hirundo Common tern
Sterna dougallii Roseate tern
Onychoprion anaethetus or Sterna anaethetus Bridled tern
Onychoprion fuscatus or Sterna fuscata Sooty tern
Sterna saundersi Saunders's tern
Thalasseus bengalensis or Sterna bengalensis Lesser crested tern
Thalasseus bergii Greater crested tern
Anous stolidus Brown noddy or Common noddy
Anous tenuirostris Lesser noddy
Gygis alba Common white tern
 
Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)
Oena capensis Namaqua dove or Long-tailed dove Tsakatoto / Katoto
 
Family Cuckoos (Cuculidae)
Pachycoccyx audeberti Thick-billed cuckoo
 
Family Barn-owls (Tytonidae)
Tyto alba Common barn-owl Vorondolo
 
Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)
Asio capensis Marsh owl Hanka or Vorondolo
 
Family Swifts (Apodidae)
Cypsiurus parvus African palm swift Firihitsandro / Tsiditsidina
Tachymarptis melba formerly Apus melba Alpine swift Firihitsandro / Tsiditsidina
Apus barbatus African black swift Firihitsandro / Tsiditsidina
 
Family Bee-eaters (Meropidae)
Merops superciliosus Olive bee-eater or Madagascar bee-eater Kiriokirioky / Kirikioka / Tsikorinkorehina
 
Family Rollers (Coraciidae)
Eurystomus glaucurus Broad-billed roller Tsararahaky / Tsararako / Vorombaratra
 
Family Hoopoes (Upupidae)
Upupa epops Common Hoopoe Tsakodara
 
Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)
Riparia paludicola Brown-throated martin or Plain martin
Riparia riparia Collared sand martin
Hirundo rustica Barn swallow
 
Family Thrushes (Turdidae)
Saxicola torquatus Common stonechat or Collared stonechat Fitadroranga
 
Family Starlings (Sturnidae)
Acridotheres tristis Common myna
 
Family Crows (Corvidae)
Corvus albus Pied crow Gaga / Goaka / Goaika


Unidentified eagle in Tsaratanana
White-tailed tropicbird
Crested drongo
Madagascar magpie-robin
Grey-headed lovebird
Grey-headed lovebird
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